Publications

Refereed Journal Papers

[J12] Banushi, G. & Wham, B.P. (2020). Deformation Capacity of Buried Hybrid-Segmented Pipelines under Longitudinal Permanent Ground Deformation. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, cgj-2020-0049. doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2020-0049.

[J11] Tiznado, J.C., Dashti, S., Ledezma, C. Wham, B.P. & Badanagki, M. (2020). Performance of Embankments on Liquefiable Soils Improved with Dense Granular Columns: Observations from Case Histories and Centrifuge Experiments. ASCE Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 146(9), 04020073. doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0002309.

[J10] Wham, B.P., & Davis, C.A. (2019). Buried Continuous and Segmented Pipelines Subjected to Longitudinal Permanent Ground Deformation. ASCE Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice, Vol.10(4). 10.1061/(ASCE)PS.1949-1204.0000400.

[J9] Lin, T.H., Wu, Y., Soga, K., Wham, B.P., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Berker, B., O’Rourke, T.D. (2019). Buried Wireless Sensor Networks for Monitoring Pipeline Joint Leakage Caused by Large Ground Movements. ASCE Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice. Vol.10(4). 10.1061/(ASCE)PS.1949-1204.0000392.

[J8] Argyrou, C., O’Rourke, T. D., Stewart, H.E., Wham, B.P. (2019). Large-Scale Fault Rupture Tests on Pipelines Reinforced with Cured-In-Place Linings. ASCE Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. Vol.145(3). 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0002018.

[J7] Kayen, R., Kokusho, T., Hazarika, H., Dashti, S., Calderon, J.R., Franke, K., Oettle, N.K., Wham, B.P., Wham, B.P., Louis-Kayen G.P., Sitar, R., & Louis-Kayen, N.M. (2018). Geotechnical extreme-event reconnaissance (GEER) investigation to the 2016 Mw 6.0, M w 6.2 and M w 7.0 Kumamoto Japan Earthquakes. Lowland Technology Intl. Journal: Special Ed. on 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake. Vol.19(4), 267-274. http://cot.unhas.ac.id/journals/index.php/ialt_lti/article/view/528

[J6] Wham, B. P., Dashti, S., Franke, K., Kayen, R., Oettle, N. K. (2017). “Water Supply Damage Caused by the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake.” Lowland Tech. Intl. J.: Special Edition on Kumamoto Earthquake and Disaster. Vol.19(3): 163-172. Available.

[J5] Wham, B. P., Argyrou, C., & O’Rourke, T.D. (2017). “Jointed Pipeline Response to Tunneling Induced Ground Deformation.” Canadian Geotech. Journal: Special Issue on Pipeline Geotechnics, Vol.53(11). 10.1139/cgj-2016-0054.

[J4] Wham, B.P., Argyrou, C., O’Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H.E., & Bond, T.K. (2017). “PVCO Pipeline Performance Under Large Ground Deformation.” J. of Pressure Vessel Technology, ASME. Vol.139(1). 10.1115/1.4033939.

[J3] Kayen, R., Dashti, S., Kokusho, T., Hazarika, H., Franke, K., Oettle, N.K., Wham, B.P., Ramirez, J. (2016). “GEER Reconnaissance of the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes.” JSCE Journal of Disaster FactSheets, FS2016-E-0007. Available.

[J2] Wham, B.P., & O’Rourke, T.D. (2015). “Jointed Pipeline Response to Large Ground Deformation.” Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice, ASCE. Vol.7(1). 10.1061/(ASCE)PS.1949-1204.0000207.

[J1] Zhong, Z., Aref. A., Bouziou, D., Wham, B.P., Filiatrault, A., O'Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H.E. (2014). "Seismic Testing of Critical Lifelines Rehabilitated with Cured in Place Pipeline Lining Technology." Journal of Earthquake Engineering. Vol.18(6). 10.1080/13632469.2014.916632.

Refereed Conference Proceedings

[C26] Wham, B.P., Anderson, D.K., & Ihnotic, C.R. (2020). "Experimental Assessment of Pipeline Connection Response to Transverse Loading". Proc., Pipelines 2020 (pp. 405–417). Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 10.1061/9780784483190.045.

[C25] Wham, B.P., Ihnotic, C.R., Anderson, D.K., & Ramos, J. (2020). "Full-scale Testing of Fused PVC Pipe for Exernally Applied Loading". Proc., NASTT 2020 No-Dig Show. Denver: North American Society for Trenchless Technology (NASTT), April 5-9.

[C24] Wham, B.P., Ihnotic, C.R., Balcells, D., & Anderson, D.K. (2019). "Performance Assessment of Pipeline System Seismic Response". Proceedings: JWWA/WRF/CTWWA Water System Seismic Conference. Los Angeles, CA, October 9-10.

[C23] Wham, B.P., Davis, C.A., & Rajah, S. (2019). "Axial Connection Force Capacity Required for Buried Pipelines Subjected to Seismic Permanent Ground Displacement". Proc., Pipelines 2019. Nashville: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 10.1061/9780784482483.034.

[C22] Wham, B.P., Berger, B.A., & O’Rourke, T.D. (2019). " Experimental Performance Evaluation of Seismic-Resilient PVCO Pipeline ". Proc.,Pipelines 2019. Nashville: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 10.1061/9780784482506.053.

[C21] Davis, C.A., Rajah, S., Wham, B.P., & Heubach, W.F. (2019). "Strain Demands on Buried Pipelines from Earthquake-Induced Ground Movements". Proc., Pipelines 2019. Nashville: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 10.1061/9780784482483.040.

[C20] Nakazono, H., Hasegawa, N., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T. D. (2019). “Innovative Solution to Large Ground Displacement Using Steel Pipe for Crossing Fault.” Proc., Pipelines 2019. Nashville: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 10.1061/9780784482483.038.

[C19] Wham, B.P., Berger, B.A., & Davis, C.A. (2019). "Hazard-resilient Pipeline Joint Response to Large Transverse Deformation". Proc., 2nd International Conference on Natural Hazards & Infrastructure. Chania, Greece June 23-26.

[C18] Davis, C.A., Wham, B.P., Toshima, T., & Hara, T. (2019). "Evaluating Case Study Performance of Hybrid-Segmented Pipes to Longitudinal Permanent Ground Movement". Proc., 2nd International Conference on Natural Hazards & Infrastructure. Chania, Greece June 23-26.

[C17] Wham, B.P., Berger, B.A., & Davis, C.A. (2019). "Characterization of soil-structure interaction for seismic design of hazard-resistant pipeline systems". Proc., 7th Int. Conf. Earthq. Geotech. Eng. Roma, Italy. June 17-20. Available.

[C16] Berger, B.A., Wham, B.P., & O’Rourke, T.D. (2019). "Design of hazard-resilient steel pipe using numerical simulations and large-scale testing". Proc., 7th Int. Conf. Earthq. Geotech. Eng. Roma, Italy. June 17-20.Available.

[C15] Tiznado, J.C., Dashti, S., Wham, B.P., & Ledezma, C. (2019). "Centrifuge study of the seismic response of embankments on liquefiable soils improved with dense granular columns". Proc., 7th Int. Conf. Earthq. Geotech. Eng. Roma, Italy, June 17-20. Available.

[C14] Wham, B.P., Berger, B.A., & O’Rourke, T.D. (2019) “Hazard-resistant Steel Pipeline Response to Large Fault Rupture.” Proceedings, Geo-Congress 2019, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 24-27. 10.1061/9780784482100.001. Available.

[C13] Davis, C.A. & Wham, B.P. (2018) “Buried Hybrid-Segmented Pipes Subjected to Longitudinal Permanent Ground Deformation.” Proceedings, 8th International Symposium on Earthquake Engineering for Lifelines and Critical Infrastructure Systems, Shenyang, China, October 17-19. Available.

[C12] Wham, B.P., Berger, B.A., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., O’Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H.E., Bond, T.K. (2018) “Achieving Resilient Water Networks: Experimental Performance Evaluation.” Proceedings, 11th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Los Angeles, California, June 25-29.Available.

[C11] Wham, B.P., Berger, B.A., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., O’Rourke, T.D. (2018) “Hazard-resilient Pipeline Joint Soil Structure Interaction under Large Axial Displacement.” Proceedings: 5th Conference on Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, Austin, Texas, June 10-13. 10.1061/9780784481486.029.

[C10] Hasegawa, N., Nakazono, H., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T.D. (2017). “Performance Test of Steel Pipe for Crossing Fault in the United States.” Proceedings: 10th JWWA/WRF/CTWWA Water System Seismic Conference, Tainan, Taiwan, Oct. 18-20. NCREE-17-013. Available.

[C9] Oda, K., Kishi, S., Miyazima, M., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T.D. (2017). “Verification of Design Method of Pipeline Crossing Fault with Earthquake Resistant Ductile Iron Pipe using Large-scale Split-box Test.” Proceedings: 10th JWWA/WRF/CTWWA Water System Seismic Conference, Tainan, Taiwan, Oct. 18-20. NCREE-17-013. Available.

[C8] Oettle, N.K., Kayen, R., Franke, K., Dashti, S., Wham, B.P., and Ramirez, J. (2017). "Observations and finite element modeling of the Aso Caldera depression zone resulting from the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake." Proceedings: 6th International Young Geotechnical Engineers' Conference (iYGEC6). Seoul, Republic of Korea, Sept. 16-17. Available.

[C7] Wham, B.P., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Argyrou, C., Lederman, A., O’Rourke, T. D., Stewart, H. (2017). "Experimental Characterization of Hazard-Resilient Ductile Iron Pipe Soil/Structure Interaction under Axial Displacement." Proceedings: ASCE Congress on Technical Advancement, Duluth, Minnesota, Sept. 11-13. 10.1061/9780784481028.013.

[C6] Wham, B.P., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Argyrou, C., Stack, M., O’Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H.E., Nakazono, H., & Hasegawa, N. (2017). “Large Axial Deformation Performance of Steel Pipeline Designed for Fault Crossings.” Proceedings, ASCE Pipelines Conference, Phoenix, Arizona, Aug. 6-9, Paper ID: 118. 10.1061/9780784480878.010.

[C5] Kayen, R., Dashti, S., Franke, K., Oettle, N.K., Wham, B.P., Kokusho, T., Hazarika, H., Ramirez, J. (2017). “Case Histories of Geotechnical Engineering Damage from the MW 6.0, MW 6.2, and MW 7.0 Kumamoto Earthquakes.” Proceedings, 16th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Santiago, Chile, Jan 9-13.

[C4] Wham, B.P., Argyrou, C., O’Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H.E., and Bond, T.K. (2015) “PVCO Pipeline Performance Under Large Ground Deformation.” Proceedings, International Pipeline Geotechnical Conference, Bogota, Columbia, Paper ID: IPG2015-8508. 10.1115/IPG2015-8508.

[C3] Wham, B.P., Argyrou, C., Bouziou, D., O’Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H.E., and Bond, T.K. (2014) “Jointed Pipeline Response to Earthquake-Induced Ground Deformation.” Proceedings, 10th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Anchorage, Alaska, Paper ID: 202.10.4231/D3R20RX0V.

[C2] Zhong, Z., Bouziou, D., Wham, B.P., Filiatrault, A., Aref, A., O’Rourke, T.D., and Stewart, H.E. (2014). “Performance Evaluation of Water Pipelines Retrofitted With Cured In Place Pipe Liner Technology under Transient Earthquake Motions.” Proceedings, 10th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake, Anchorage, Alaska, Paper ID: 490.

[C1] Bouziou D., Wham B.P., O’Rourke T.D., Stewart H.E., Palmer M.C., Zhong Z., Filiatrault A., Aref A. (2012). “Earthquake Response and Rehabilitation of Critical Lifelines.” Proceeding, 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal, September 24-28, Paper No.5111.

Thesis

Wham, B.P. (2016). Jointed Pipeline Response to Large Ground Movement. Doctoral dissertation, Cornell University. Available.

Technical Reports & Other Proceedings

[R24] O’Rourke, T.D., Straight, J.E., Mottl, N., Berger, B., Wham, B.P., Stewart, H.E., and Price, D. (2020) “Performance Evaluation of Aqua-Pipe under Earthquake-Induced Ground Deformation”, Interim Report, https://lifelines.cee.cornell.edu/ accessed 26 June 2020.

[R23] Ihnotic, C.R., Ramos, J.L., & Wham, B.P. (2019). Seismic Evaluation of Hazard-Resistant Pipelines: PVC, PVCO, and iPVC Pipe with Coupling, Boulder, CO: Center for Infrastructure, Energy, & Space Testing, University of Colorado Boulder. Available. https://www.colorado.edu/center/ciest/ciest-reports

[R22] Anderson, D.K. & Wham, B.P. (2019). Wire Mesh Tension Testing, Boulder, CO: Center for Infrastructure, Energy, & Space Testing, University of Colorado Boulder. Available: https://www.colorado.edu/center/ciest/ciest-reports

[R21] Kayen, R., Wham, B.P., Grant, A., Atsushi, M., Anderson, D., Zimmaro, P., Wang, P., Tsai, Y.T., Bachhuber, J., Madugo, C., Sun, J., Hitchcock, C., Motto, M. (2019). Seismological, Geological, and Geotechnical Engineering Aspects of the 2018 MW 6.6 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi Earthquake. Geotechnical Extreme Event Reconnaissance (GEER) Association. https://doi.org/10.18118/G6CM1K. Available

[R20] Price, D., Berger, B.A., O’Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H., Wham, B.P., Pariya-Ekkasut, C. (2018). Performance Evaluation of iPVC Pipe under Earthquake-Induced Ground Deformation, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available

[R19] Berger, B.A., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T.D., Stewart, H. (2018). Direct Tension and Cyclic Testing of JFE SPF Wave Feature, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available

[R18] Wham, B.P., Berger, B.A., O’Rourke, T.D., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Stewart, H. (2017). Performance Evaluation of Bionax SR PVCO Pipeline with Extended Bell Joints under Earthquake-Induced Ground Deformation. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available

[R17] Wham, B.P., Dashti, S., Franke, K.W, Kayen, R., Oettle, N.K. (2017) “Water Supply Damage Caused by the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake.” Proceedings, International Workshop on the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, Mar. 6.

[R16] Oettle, N.K., Kayen, R.E., Franke, K.W, Dashti, S., & Wham, B.P. (2017) “Measured Response of the Oh-Kirihata Dam to Surface Fault Rupture.” Proceedings, International Workshop on the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, Mar. 6.Available.

[R15] Kayen, R., Kokusho, T., Hazarika, H., Dashti, S., Ramirez, J., Franke, K., Oettle, N.K., Wham, B.P. (2017). “Geotechnical Extreme-Event Reconnaissance (GEER) Mission to the 2016 Mw 6.0, Mw 6.2, and Mw 7.0 Kumamoto Japan Earthquakes.” Proceedings, International Workshop on the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, Mar. 6.

[R14] Hazarika, H., Chen, G., Kokusho, T., [and 18 others, including Wham, B.P..] (2017). "Geotechnical damage due to the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake and future challenges." Proceedings: International Workshop on the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, Mar. 6.

[R13] Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Berger, B.A. Wham, B.P., Stewart, H.E., O’Rourke, T.D., & Bond, T.K. (2017). Four-Point Bending Testing of 6-in. (150-mm), 12-in. (300-mm), and 16-in. (400-mm)-Diameter Kubota Earthquake Resistant Ductile Iron Pipes. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.Available.

[R12] Kayen, R., Dashti, S., Kokusho, T., Hazarika, H., Franke, K., Oettle, N.K., Wham, B.P., Ramirez, J., Briggs, D., Guillies, S., Cheng, K., Tanoue, Y., Takematsu K., Matsumoto, D., Morinaga, T., Furuichi, H., Kitano, Y., Tajiri, M., Chaudhary, B., Nishimura, K., Chu, C. (2016). Geotechnical Aspects of the 2016 Mw 6.2, Mw 6.0, and Mw 7.0 Kumamoto Earthquakes. Geotechnical Extreme Event Reconnaissance (GEER) Association. Report Number GEER-048. doi.org/10.18118/G6JS3M.

[R11] Wham, B. P., O’Rourke, T. D., Stewart, H. E., Bond, T. K., & Pariya-Ekkasut, C. (2016). Large-Scale Testing of JFE Steel Pipe Crossing Faults: Testing of SPF Wave Feature to Resist Fault Rupture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available.

[R10] Stewart, H. E., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Wham, B. P., O’Rourke, T. D., Bond, T. K., & Argyrou, C. (2016). American Earthquake Joint System for Resistance to Earthquake-Induced Ground Deformation. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available.

[R9] Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Stewart, H. E., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T. D., & Bond, T. K. (2016). Direct Tension and Split Basin Testing of 6-in. (150-mm) Diameter Kubota Earthquake Resistant Ductile Iron Pipe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available.

[R8] Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Stewart, H. E., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T. D., Argyrou, C., & Bond, T. K. (2016). Hazard Resilience Evaluation of US Pipe Ductile Iron TR-XTREMETM Joints : 4-16 in. (100-400 mm) Diameter Pipe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available.

[R7] Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Stewart, H. E., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T. D., Argyrou, C., & Bond, T. K. (2015). Four-Point Bending and Direct Tension Testing of Twelve Inch TR-XTREMETM Pipe Joint. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.Available.

[R6] Stewart, H. E., Pariya-Ekkasut, C., Wham, B.P., O’Rourke, T. D., Argyrou, C., & Bond, T. K. (2015). Hazard Resilience Testing of US Pipe Ductile Iron TR- XTREMETM Pipe Joints. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.Available.

[R5] Stewart, H. E., O’Rourke, T. D., Wham, B. P., Netravali, A. N., Argyrou, C., Zeng, X., & Bond, T. K. (2015). Technology Transfer Demonstrations and Post-Mortem Testing of Cast Iron and Steel Pipe Lined with Cured-in-Place Liners (CIPL). U.S.DOT/PHMSA Contract Report. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available.

[R4] Stewart, H. E., O’Rourke, T. D., Wham, B. P., Netravali, A. N., Argyrou, C., Zeng, X., & Bond, T. K. (2015). Performance Testing of Field-Aged Cured-in-Place Liners (CIPL) for Cast Iron Piping. NYSEARCH/Northeast Gas Association Contract Report. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Available.

[R3] Stewart, H. E., Wham, B. P., O’Rourke, T. D., Bouziou, D., Argyrou, C., & Bond, T. K. (2013). Task 3 - Large-Scale Testing of Fault Rupture Effects on Bionax Pipe and Pipe Joints. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.Available.

[R2] Stewart, H. E., Wham, B. P., O’Rourke, T. D., & Bond, T. K. (2013). Task 2 - Four-Point Bending of Bionax Pipe and Pipe Joints. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.Available.

[R1] Stewart, H. E., Wham, B. P., O’Rourke, T. D., & Bond, T. K. (2013). Task 1 - Material Testing of Bionax Pipe and Joints. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.Available.

Datasets:

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2013). "Cornell - Starline Lined Ductile Iron Pipe Test, Load Rate Sensitivity Test," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3PC2T94S.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2013). "Cornell - Starline Lined Ductile Iron Pipe Test, Pipe Centered," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D32F7JR9Q.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2013). "Cornell - Starline Lined Ductile Iron Pipe Test, Joint Centered, Unpressurized," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3639K61N.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2013). "Cornell - Starline Lined Ductile Iron Pipe Test, Joint Centered, Pressurized," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3T14TQ4Q.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2012). "Cornell - Axial Push Tests on Unlined Ductile Iron Pipe," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3DV1CP5S.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2012). "Cornell - Unlined Pressurized Ductile Iron Test with Soil," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3930NW1Z.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2012). "Cornell - IMain Lined Ductile Iron Pipe Test, Pipe Centered," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3XP6V44R.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2012). "Cornell - IMain Lined Ductile Iron Pipe Test, Joint Centered," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3SX64B00.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2012). "Cornell - IMain Lined Ductile Iron Pipe Test, Load Rate Sensitivity Test," Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3JM23H01.

Stewart, H. E., Argyrou C., Bouziou, D., Bond, T. K., O'Rourke, T. D., & Wham, B. P. (2012). "Cornell - Axial Push Tests on Unlined Ductile Iron Pipe", Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (distributor), Dataset, DOI:10.4231/D3DV1CP5S

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